Periodontics is the dental specialty that focuses on the disease that destroys gums and other supporting tissues around the teeth. A periodontist is the dentist who specializes in prevention, diagnosis and treatment of periodontal diseases. Periodontists receive special trainings in the areas mentioned including three additional years of education after dental school. Aside from diagnosing and treating dental diseases, they are also trained in cosmetic periodontal procedures.
The cases periodontists treat range from mild gingivitis to more severe periodontitis. They offer a wide range of treatments including scaling and root planning, root surface debridement and regenerative procedures. They can also perform surgical procedures to patients with gum disease when necessary.
Many people are diagnosed with periodontal or gum diseases. Periodontal diseases range from simple gum inflammation to serious disease that result to damage in the soft tissue and the bone that supports the teeth. Gum diseases are caused by bacteria around our mouth. The bacteria, together with mucus or other particles, form plaque on the teeth. Brushing and flossing help remove plaque but when plaque harden, tartar is built up on the teeth and it requires cleaning from a dentist to get rid of it. If left untreated, this can cause tooth decay and gum problems.
People in 30’s and 40’s are more susceptible to gum diseases. Men have increased likelihood to have gum disease than women. However, teenagers can still develop gingivitis if good oral health is not maintained.
What are the symptoms of a gum disease?
The following are some of the indications of a gum disease:
- Bad breath that won’t go away
- Red or swollen gums
- Tender or bleeding gums
- Painful chewing
- Loose teeth
- Sensitive teeth
- Receding gums or longer appearing teeth
Gingivitis and Periodontitis are two of the most common gum problems.
Gingivitis is characterized by red or swollen gums and gums that bleed easily. This is because of the plaque and tartar that are not cleaned and stayed longer on the teeth. Gingivitis can actually just be reversed by brushing and flossing and regular dental cleaning from a dentist. This type of disease does not include bone loss or tooth loss.
Periodontitis occurs when gingivitis is not properly treated. Periodontitis means inflammation around the tooth. In periodontitis, the spaced formed (pockets) by the pulling away of the gums from the teeth gets infected. The bacteria spreads and grows below the gum line and since your body has a natural response to infection, it breaks down the bones and the connective tissue that hold the teeth in place. If left untreated, the teeth will eventually have to be removed.
How are gum diseases treated?
Chinwalla periodontics can provide you with the treatment you need for you periodontal diseases. We have the best periodontics trained to provide you the best service you need to address your gum problems. The following are the procedures involved for treating gum disease.
- Professional dental cleaning – dental cleaning will allow your tartar and plaque to be removed from above and below the gum line, especially the tartar which already hardened on your teeth. If our dentist found that you have signs of a gum disease, you will be recommended to have more dental cleanings in a year.
- Scaling and root planning – this is a no surgical procedure that is done by deep cleaning done under local anaesthetic. The plaque and tartar above and below the gum line are being scraped away and the rough spots on the tooth are made smooth.
- Flap surgery / pocket reduction surgery – in this procedure, the gums are lifted back and the tartar is removed. This method aims to reduce the space between the tooth and the gums as this is where harmful bacteria grow.
- Bone grafts – This procedure replaces the bone destroyed by the gum disease by using fragments of your own bone.
- Soft tissue grafts – This procedure reinforces thin gums or fills in places where gums have receded. Grafted tissue, most often taken from the roof of the mouth, is stitched in place, adding tissue to the affected area.
- Guided tissue regeneration – this procedure stimulates gum and tissue growth and is only performed when the bone supporting your teeth has been destroyed.
- Bone surgery – in this procedure, the bone around the tooth is reshaped to decrease the craters, making it more difficult for the bacteria to collect and grow.
Because we are here to give you healthy smiles, you can be guaranteed that you will get the best help that you need to overcome your gum problems.
Contact Chinwalla Periodontics & Implants for best dental services in bloomingdale il.With Two Convenient Locations: Darien & Bloomingdale